Turkotek Attribution Guides:


Below you will find a description of some basic characteristics of Chodor weaving, based on design, weave structure, and colors and dyes. We have also included some information about dating pieces.


As with other Turkoman weavings, the standard design features in Chodor work vary according to the nature of the weaving.

Weave Structure

Chodor pile weavings generally have Z2S undyed brown or grey warps of wool, goathair, or camelhair or some mixture thereof. Wefts are generally two shoots of undyed wool, cotton, camelhair, goathair, or a mixture. Most have some cotton in the wefts. "[S]ometimes one strand is plied with a strand of brown wool; sometimes both strands are cotton, and sometimes both are wool." L. Mackie & J. Thompson, Turkmen: Tribal Carpets & Traditions, at 119. The sides of rugs and carpets "are finished with a flat, usually four-cord selvedge wrapped with goat-hair or wool in a two-color check." Id. Pile knots are invariably asymmetric, open to the right.

Colors & Dyes

Between five and seven colours are usually employed, mostly dark in tone except for the vivid red and white shades." Werner Loges, Turkoman Tribal Rugs, at 106. According to Moshkova, Chodor weavings tend to use a large number of blue tones, white for main border ground, and diagonal coloring. Moshkova, Carpets of the People of Central Asia, at 265 (O'Bannon's summary). "The most conspicuous feature of old Chodor carpets is their purple-brown ground colour." Loges, at 106.

Distinguishing the Older from the Newer

At the outset, we should note a point of controversy about the dating of Chodor pieces. Collectible Turkoman pieces are typically dated within a range of 100 years, beginning in the early 19th century and ending in the early 20th century. In his HALI article, however, Kurt Munkacsi challenges this convention, at least insofar as it pertains to the Chodor. Based on his correlations of the pieces with what we know about the movement of the Chodor, Munkacsi believes that this period should be extended back to the early 18th century.


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